What They Do
Mental health counselors offer guidance to individuals, couples, families and groups that are dealing with issues that affect their mental health and well-being.
Counselors treat many of the same problems as other psychologists: depression and anxiety, PTSD, ADHD, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, personality disorders, and just about any psychological issue you can think of.
Their approach depends on their education and professional experience, but like psychologists, they may primarily practice psychodynamic therapy, cognitive- behavioral therapy, humanistic therapy, or have a holistic, integrative approach.
Skills You Need
Compassion for others and a desire to help are two of the most important qualities of mental health counselors. Learn which personal and professional traits you’ll need to succeed in this career.
- Clear communication skills
- Goal-setting skills
- Clear boundaries
- High ethical standards
- Motivational skills
How to Become a Mental Health Counselor
Licensing and certification guidelines for mental health counselors vary by state. Make sure to check the guidelines in your state before you start your studies.
Get a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology
Earning an undergraduate degree is the first step toward becoming a mental health counselor. This will give you a general undergraduate education, and you can major in psychology or another related field.
Get an Advanced Degree in a Specialty
Next, a master’s or doctoral degree in mental health counseling is required, depending on the state you live in. Most states also require you to finish either a practicum or an internship as part of your studies.
Get Clinical Counseling Experience
Many states will also require a minimum of 36 months of full-time counseling or 3,000 hours of postgraduate mental health counseling under the supervision of an approved licensed mental health professional.
Take the Counselor Exam
States generally require you to pass an exam. Normally, either of the following exams is accepted: the National Counselor Exam or the National Clinical Mental Health Counselor Exam.
Apply for Licensure in Your State
In order to practice as a mental health counselor, you must be licensed by your state. State licensure conditions can vary so check your state regulatory board for specific requirements.
Mental health counselors can make a good living. But salaries vary greatly depending on location, years of experience and a variety of other factors. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, mental health counselors make a median salary of $42,840.
School & Career Counselors
Marriage & Family Therapists
Substance Abuse Counselors
Mental Health Counselors
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018-19 Occupational Outlook Handbook.
*The salary information listed is based on a national average, unless noted. Actual salaries may vary greatly based on specialization within the field, location, years of experience and a variety of other factors. National long-term projections of employment growth may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.
Employment of mental health counselors is expected to grow 20 percent through 2026. This is much higher than the 7 percent growth predicted for all professions combined. National long-term projections of employment growth may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.
Here are some other fields you might like if mental health counseling isn’t exactly what you’re looking for:
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