Marriage & Family Therapy

Education and Careers

Couples therapy and marriage counseling are two names for the same thing: helping people work on their relationships. Marriage and family therapists offer guidance to couples and families who are dealing with issues that affect their mental health and the well-being of the whole family. They help improve communication skills, increase mutual respect, and help kids develop into healthy adults.

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What Marriage & Family Therapists Do

Couples therapists and marriage counselors treat some of the same issues as other psychologists, such as depression and anxiety, substance abuse, and PTSD. But their work focuses on issues that are specific to their target group, the family. Some common issues that family counselors encounter are marital conflicts, adolescent behavior problems, domestic violence and issues related to infertility.

Marriage and family therapists observe how people behave within the family, and identify relationship problems. They then come up with treatment plans so that each individual has his or her needs met and the family unit can work for the benefit and happiness of all.

Skills You Need

Learn which personality traits and professional therapy skills you’ll need to be a successful couples therapist or marriage counselor.

You should have…

  • Strong interpersonal skills
  • Clear boundaries
  • High ethical standards
  • Desire to collaborate
  • Goal-setting skills

How to Become a Couples Therapist or Marriage Counselor

Marriage and family therapists are required to be licensed in order to practice in their state. Licensure requirements usually include a master’s degree and two years of supervised clinical experience. You’ll also need to pass a state-recognized exam. The Association of Marital & Family Therapy Regulatory Boards provides information on the requirements for each state.

Taking classes online can help you earn a degree while you manage other obligations in your life. There are many accredited online schools that offer master’s degree programs in marriage and family therapy. If you plan to start your education with a bachelor’s degree in psychology, you’ll also be able to find a wide range of schools offering online programs.

If you plan to enroll in a marriage and family therapy program, look for accreditation from the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education (COAMFTE). This organization gives their seal of approval for master’s, doctorates, and postgraduate levels.


Get a Bachelor’s Degree

Earning an undergraduate degree in psychology is the first step toward becoming a therapist or counselor.


Get an Advanced Degree

Most states require a master’s degree in professional counseling or marriage and family therapy.


Get Clinical Experience

Most states require that you get two years of clinical experience before they will grant you a license.


Pass the Marriage and Family Therapy Exam

Many states also require you to take and pass the exam given by the Association of Marital and Family therapy Regulatory Boards (AMFTRB).


Apply for Licensure in Your State

In order to practice marriage and family therapy, you must be licensed by your state. Check your state regulatory board for specific requirements.

License renewal often hinges on continuing education. Many states require marriage and family therapists to complete a certain number of continuing education hours every few years. Since laws vary, check with the board of psychology in the state you practice in.

One thing to weigh is whether you want to open a private practice at some point. A number of factors influence whether a marriage and family therapist should work in private practice or for an institution. If you’re new to the field and lack a large patient base, you’ll have to work hard at marketing yourself and getting referrals—a process that will happen throughout your career. Working at an institution allows you to gain valuable knowledge from colleagues and likely receive employer-paid benefits. However, you may not have the schedule flexibility you’d have in private practice.

Salary and Job Growth

Marriage and family therapists can make a good living. But salaries vary greatly based on location, years of experience and a variety of other factors. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2022 Occupational Employment Statistics, marriage and family therapists make a median salary of $56,570.


School & Career Counselors


Marriage & Family Therapists


Rehab Counselors


Mental Health Counselors

Employment of marriage and family therapists is expected to grow 14.9% through 2032. This is much higher than the job growth predicted for all professions combined. National long-term projections of employment growth may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.

Job Growth


Related Occupations

Here are some other fields you might like if marriage and family counseling isn’t exactly what you’re looking for: